Appellations Applied to Excellent Wine Making Regions:
Most Italian wines are strictly directed by regulation imposed by the Department of Agriculture (in compliance with the European Market requirements) and made to law, in order to produce wines as prescribed in each region and have a proper appellation assigned to such as;
DOCG – “Denominazione di Origine Controllata Garantita” (Guarenteed winemaking procedure and area of origins) Only 33 styles of wine carry this denomination and it is mostly allocated to the very best wines produced in restricted regions.
DOC – “Denominazione di Origine Controllata” (Controlled area of origin) This appellation applies to a larger number of wines and respective regions (313) that can carry the DOC label.
IGT – “Indicazione Geografica Tipica” (Typical geographical area) 117 are the wines in this appellation, usually larger areas than the above two that can produce these distinctive wines.
Each wine made with the above denominations, must strictly adhere to certain regulations, and must provide a certificate of analysis so that the grapes used are in the percentage prescribed, with a maximum amount of grapes produced per hectare; must be aged the years required prior to its release and be made by autochthon grapes.